Surgeon General’s Report

Please read this excellent article from the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion about exercise for people with any kind of disability…



  • Physical activity need not be strenuous to achieve health benefits.
  • Significant health benefits can be obtained with a moderate amount of physical activity, preferably daily. The same moderate amount of activity can be obtained in longer sessions of moderately intense activities (such as 30-40 minutes of wheeling oneself in a wheelchair) or in shorter sessions of more strenuous activities (such as 20 minutes of wheelchair basketball).
  • Additional health benefits can be gained through greater amounts of physical activity. People who can maintain a regular routine of physical activity that is of longer duration or of greater intensity are likely to derive greater benefit.
  • Previously sedentary people who begin physical activity programs should start with short intervals of physical activity (5-10 minutes) and gradually build up to the desired level of activity.
  • People with disabilities should first consult a physician before beginning a program of physical activity to which they are unaccustomed.
  • The emphasis on moderate amounts of physical activity makes it possible to vary activities to meet individual needs, preferences, and life circumstances.


  • People with disabilities are less likely to engage in regular moderate physical activity than people without disabilities, yet they have similar needs to promote their health and prevent unnecessary disease.
  • Social support from family and friends has been consistently and positively related to regular physical activity.


  • Reduces the risk of dying from coronary heart disease and of developing high blood pressure, colon cancer, and diabetes.
  • Can help people with chronic, disabling conditions improve their stamina and muscle strength.
  • Reduces symptoms of anxiety and depression, improves mood, and promotes general feelings of well-being.
  • Helps control joint swelling and pain associated with arthritis.
  • Can help reduce blood pressure in some people with hypertension.


  • Provide community-based programs to meet the needs of persons with disabilities.
  • Encourage health care providers to talk routinely to their patients with disabilities about incorporating physical activity into their lives.


Excerpted from online information:



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